Amazing medical breakthroughs in 2017

Shantala R Posted on 25-Sep-2017    

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1) MEDICAL TRICORDER

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  1. A medical tricorder is a handheld, portable scanning device to be used by consumers to self-diagnose medical conditions within seconds
  2. It takes basic vital measurements.  blood pressure and temperature, and blood flow in a noninvasive way.
  3. The Qualcomm Tricorder X Prize that was announced in 2012 for a device that should diagnose 15 different medical conditions from sore throat to sleep apnea to colon cancer. 10 designs from India, US, Irish, Taiwan and Uk were shortlisted The winning design will be announced in early 2nd quarter of 2017.

2) CAR (T-CELL) IMMUNOTHERAPY

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  1. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is a kind of cellular immunotherapy particular for blood cancers.
  2. White blood cells called T-cells are extracted from a patient, treated at a special laboratory, and then returned to the patient to fight cancer cells.
  3. Trials on kids with Acute Lymphatic Leukemia (ALL) have proven very successful, with high rates of complete remission.
  4. Also promising in treatment of multiple myeloma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and some types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)

3) AUGMENTED REALITY

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  1. Augmented reality is a process where computer digitally enhances the sights and sounds of real-life environments. Example the AccuVein, which maps out patients’ veins for phlebotomists and nurses
  2. It might be the medical equivalent of the popular PokeMon Go!!
  3. Google and Samsung have already filed patents for lens implants intended to monitor glaucoma and deliver medicines.
  4. It also teaches doctors and medical students how to do certain surgeries, procedures, and dissections; helps patients envision their own conditions, treatments, surgeries, and recoveries and maps out the locations of health care providers and life-saving equipment in case of emergency.

4) SYNTHETIC BLOOD

  1. In 2017, England’s National Health Serice (NHS) will conduct early safety trials, in which about 20 people are given small amounts of synthetic blood made from stem cells.
  2. The short-term goal is to create red blood cells to treat specific conditions and illnesses, like sickle cell anemia. The long term goals are being defined.

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5) MOBILE STROKE TREATMENT UNITS

  1. Every second counts at the onset of stroke and about two million neurons are lost for each minute after the event.
  2. Mobile Stroke Treatment Unit (MSTU or MSU) which is essentially an ambulance dedicated to the fast diagnosis and treatment of strokes  could be a lifesaver. 

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6) INTEROPERABILITY

  1. Interoperability is the ability of health care information technologies—like a hospital’s digital systems—to communicate with each other.
  2. It is a kind of tool dedicated to saving money and lives by improving the speed and efficiency of health data transferal aimed at making peoples’ experience faster and records, more accurate.
  3. On a more personal level, the technology will make it easier to create health apps which will be of help to the end consumer. 

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7) ULTRASOUND THERAPY FOR ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE

Set to begin human trials in 2017- ultrasound therapy on amyloid plaques, which clump around neurons and are believed to contribute to Alzheimer’s.  



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